"Easter Sunday represents the foundational claim of Christian faith, the highest day of the Christian year as celebration of Jesus' resurrection. But many Christians are unsure what the claim that Jesus had been raised to new life after being crucified actually means—while non-Christians often find the whole idea of resurrection bemusing and even ridiculous. ..."Slate, which actually tends to have fair coverage of religious issues, has posted an interesting article about the various ways Christians have viewed the Resurrection.
Larry Hurtado, who is a professor of New Testament Language, Literature and Theology at the University of Edinburgh (Scotland), provides a short scholarly history of resurrection attitudes over the years. The brief quotation above gives a flavor of the entire article, which is well worth reading.